At Shane and White, our attorneys have been handling minor criminal offenses for over 30 years. Such offenses include but are not limited to possession of controlled dangerous substances (possession of marijuana), intent to use, and intent to distribute. If you have been arrested for one of these crimes or a related crime, obtaining the services of an attorney will be helpful in either reducing the offense or pleading not guilty to the offense charged. This often occurs when the evidence supporting the conviction has been acquired by an illegal search and seizure.
When a police officer stops you on the road, he or she may look for any suspicious evidence of illegal activity that is in plain view. If the officer seeks to search your vehicle more thoroughly, there must be a reasonable suspicion of illegal activity in order to do so. Nervousness does not qualify as grounds for suspicion because drivers are often extremely nervous after being pulled over by a police officer. If you have been arrested for a minor criminal offense, believe you were a victim of an illegal search and seizure, or seek to get a criminal offense expunged from your record, please call our office immediately.
We have attached relevant portions of the New Jersey statutes pertaining to Possession of Controlled Dangerous Substances and Intent to Use. Important parts of the statutes have been boldfaced and underlined. These are not the entire statutes, so please call us if you have any further questions.
N.J.S.A. 2C:35-10: Possession, use or being under the influence, or failure to make lawful disposition
- It is unlawful for any person, knowingly or purposely, to obtain, or to possess, actually or constructively, a controlled dangerous substance or controlled substance analog, unless the substance was obtained directly, or pursuant to a valid prescription or order form from a practitioner, while acting in the course of his professional practice, or except as otherwise authorized by P.L.1970, c. 226 (C.24:21-1 et seq.). Any person who violates this section with respect to:
(1) A controlled dangerous substance, or its analog, classified in Schedule I, II, III or IV other than those specifically covered in this section, is guilty of a crime of the third degree except that, notwithstanding the provisions of subsection b. of N.J.S.2C:43-3, a fine of up to $35,000.00 may be imposed;
(2) Any controlled dangerous substance, or its analog, classified in Schedule V, is guilty of a crime of the fourth degree except that, notwithstanding the provisions of subsection b. of N.J.S.2C:43-3, a fine of up to $15,000.00 may be imposed;
(3) Possession of more than 50 grams of marijuana, including any adulterants or dilutants, or more than five grams of hashish is guilty of a crime of the fourth degree, except that, notwithstanding the provisions of subsection b. of N.J.S.2C:43-3, a fine of up to $25,000.00 may be imposed; or
(4) Possession of 50 grams or less of marijuana, including any adulterants or dilutants, or five grams or less of hashish is a disorderly person.
Any person who commits any offense defined in this section while on any property used for school purposes which is owned by or leased to any elementary or secondary school or school board, or within 1,000 feet of any such school property or a school bus, or while on any school bus, and who is not sentenced to a term of imprisonment, shall, in addition to any other sentence which the court may impose, be required to perform not less than 100 hours of community service.
- Any person who uses or who is under the influence of any controlled dangerous substance, or its analog, for a purpose other than the treatment of sickness or injury as lawfully prescribed or administered by a physician is a disorderly person.
In a prosecution under this subsection, it shall not be necessary for the State to prove that the accused did use or was under the influence of any specific drug, but it shall be sufficient for a conviction under this subsection for the State to prove that the accused did use or was under the influence of some controlled dangerous substance, counterfeit controlled dangerous substance, or controlled substance analog, by proving that the accused did manifest physical and physiological symptoms or reactions caused by the use of any controlled dangerous substance or controlled substance analog.
- Any person who knowingly obtains or possesses a controlled dangerous substance or controlled substance analog in violation of subsection a. of this section and who fails to voluntarily deliver the substance to the nearest law enforcement officer is guilty of a disorderly persons offense. Nothing in this subsection shall be construed to preclude a prosecution or conviction for any other offense defined in this title or any other statute.
N.J.S.A. 2C:36-2: Use or possession with intent to use; disorderly persons offense
It shall be unlawful for any person to use, or to possess with intent to use, drug paraphernalia to plant, propagate, cultivate, grow, harvest, manufacture, compound, convert, produce, process, prepare, test, analyze, pack, repack, store, contain, conceal, ingest, inhale, or otherwise introduce into the human body a controlled dangerous substance or controlled substance analog in violation of the provisions of chapter 35 of this title. Any person who violates this section is guilty of a disorderly persons offense.